alexa Evaluation of ultrasonographic diagnostic criteria for autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease 1.


Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Author(s): Ravine D, Gibson RN, Walker RG, Sheffield LJ, KincaidSmith P,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Although ultrasound is commonly used for screening subjects at risk of polycystic kidney disease 1 (PKD1), there has been no evaluation of ultrasonographic diagnostic criteria. We used DNA linkage among subjects from 128 sibships within 18 PKD1 families as the basis for an assessment of ultrasound sensitivity. Positive and negative predictive values were calculated to allow assessment of different diagnostic cut-off points in previously undiagnosed cases. Currently used criteria (bilateral cysts with at least two in one kidney) provided good sensitivity (88.5\% at age 15-29 years and 100\% at 30 years and above) but performance could be improved by less stringent criteria in subjects aged 15-29 years and more stringent criteria in older family members, in whom simple renal cysts are frequent. The presence of at least two renal cysts (unilateral or bilateral) in individuals at risk and younger than 30 years may be regarded as sufficient to establish a diagnosis; among those aged 30-59 years, the presence of at least two cysts in each kidney may be required, and among those aged 60 years and above, at least four cysts in each kidney should be required.
This article was published in Lancet and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version