Author(s): Berecek KH, Webb RL, Brody MJ
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Abstract Central vasopressin (VP) may modulate the functional activity of specific neuronal systems involved in cardiovascular regulation. To test this hypothesis we compared cardiovascular (CV) responses to electrical stimulation of the anteroventral region of the third ventricle (AV3V) in Brattleboro rats homozygous for diabetes insipidus (DI), in heterozygous DI rats (DI-HZ) and in normal Long-Evans rats (LE). We also studied the effects of peripheral and intracerebroventricular (ivt) treatment of DI rats with VP and treatment of LE rats with an antipressor blocker of VP on cardiovascular responses to AV3V stimulation. Stimulation of the AV3V region in anesthetized LE rats produced a frequency-dependent increase in renal (RVR) and mesenteric vascular resistance (MVR), a decrease in hindquarter vascular resistance (HQVR), and a decrease in arterial pressure (AP) and heart rate (HR). DI and DI-HZ rats showed significantly greater decreases in AP and HR and lesser changes in RVR, MVR, and HQVR. The deficiency in vasoconstriction in DI rats appeared to be centrally mediated inasmuch as vascular responses to peripherally administered phenylephrine and nerve stimulation were comparable in LE and DI rats. Treatment of DI rats with VP peripherally improved CV responses to AV3V stimulation. An even greater improvement in CV responses to AV3V stimulation was obtained when DI were given ivt infusion of VP. Finally, following intravenous administration of an antipressor VP blocker LE rats showed a greater decrease in AP and HR and lesser resistance changes in response to AV3V stimulation. Our data suggest that cardiovascular responses elicited from stimulation of the AV3V region may depend, in part, on a central vasopressin mechanism.
This article was published in Am J Physiol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology