alexa Evidence for a regulatory loop between IFN-γ and IL-33 in skin inflammation.


Immunogenetics: Open Access

Author(s): Jenny Seltmann, Thomas Werfel, Miriam Wittmann

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Interleukin-33 has recently gained much attention due to its role in allergic responses. It has been shown to amplify Th2 responses and to act as a damage-associated molecular pattern. IL-33 acts on a broad range of cells and has been proposed to link innate and adaptive features of allergic responses. It was the aim of this study to investigate this property of IL-33 in the inflammatory response characterising atopic dermatitis (AD). We have analysed the response of skin-resident cells derived from patients with AD and healthy donors with regard to the expression of IL-33 and its receptor ST2. The functional impact of IL-33 on CD4+ T cells was investigated. Keratinocytes and dermal fibroblasts clearly differ in their regulation of IL-33. In fibroblasts, the concerted action of TNF-α and IL-1β was the strongest inducer, whereas IFN-γ is clearly the key molecule that upregulates IL-33 in keratinocytes with a more pronounced response of cells derived from patients with AD. Keratinocytes from patients with AD showed a markedly higher constitutive expression level of surface ST2. CD4+ T cells respond to IL-33. Unexpectedly, IL-33 failed to induce a significant secretion of IL-5 or IL-13. By contrast, high amounts of IFN-γ were detectable if IL-33 was added to the T-cell receptor-stimulated cells or in combination with IL-12. These results suggest that IL-33 and IFN-γ are closely interlinked in epidermal AD inflammation. IFN-γ induces IL-33 in keratinocytes and IL-33 acts on activated T cells to further increase the release of IFN-γ, therefore contributing to drive skin inflammation towards chronic responses.

This article was published in Exp Dermatol. and referenced in Immunogenetics: Open Access

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