Author(s): Xiong JW, Zhu L, Jiao X, Liu SS
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Abstract BACKGROUND: One of the central debates in membrane bioenergetics is whether proton-dependent energy coupling mechanisms are mediated exclusively by protonic transmembrane electrochemical potentials, as delocalized pmf, DeltamicroH(+), or by more localized membrane surface proton pathways, as interfacial pmf, DeltamicroH(S). METHODS: We measure pH(S) in rat liver mitoplasts energized by respiration or ATP hydrolysis by inserting pH sensitive fluorescein-phosphatidyl-ethanolamine(F-PE) into mitoplast surface. RESULTS: In the presence of rotenone and Ap5A, succinate oxidation induces a bi-phasic interfacial protonation on the mitoplast membranes, a fast phase followed by a slow one, and an interfacial pH decrease of 0.5 to 0.9 pH units of mitoplast with no simultaneous pH changes in the bulk. Antimycin A, other inhibitors or uncouplers of mitochondrial respiration prevent the decrease of mitoplast pH(S), supporting that DeltamicroH(S) is dependent and controlled by energization of mitoplast membranes. A quantitative assay of ATP synthesis coupled with pH(S) of mitoplasts oxidizing succinate with malonate titration shows a parallel correlation between ATP synthesis, State 4 respiration and pH(S), but not with Psi(E). GENERAL SIGNIFICANCE: Our data substantiate pH(S) as the primary energy source of pmf for mitochondrial ATP synthesis. Evidence and discussion concerning the relative importance and interplay of pH(S) and Psi(E) in mitochondrial bioenergetics are also presented. Copyright (c) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Biochim Biophys Acta
and referenced in Bioenergetics: Open Access