Author(s): Bilfinger TV, Kushnerik V, Bundz S, Liu Y, Stefano GB
Abstract Share this page
Abstract Cardiopulmonary bypass is associated with both cellular immunosuppression and an inflammatory response. Previous studies have demonstrated that morphine, a naturally occurring substance, can downregulate granulocyte, monocyte and endothelial activity. It can even prevent the activation caused by exposing these cells to plasma obtained from patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass. The present study demonstrates that preadministering a high dose of morphine (3.3 mg/kg) to pigs prior to cardiopulmonary bypass also diminishes the activation levels of these cells. In animals not given morphine, monocyte activation levels were 45\% compared to 14\% exposed to the opiate. Granulocytes also exhibited the same statistically significant (P < 0.05) drop in cellular activation. Activation is determined by computer-assisted microscopic image analysis whereby cellular shape is indicative of the cells activity. Additionally, in animals pretreated with morphine, a twofold increase in the number of cells was obtained, indicating that the endothelium also was downregulated.
This article was published in Int J Cardiol
and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta