Author(s): Lefebvre T, Ferreira S, DupontWallois L, Bussire T, Dupire MJ, , Lefebvre T, Ferreira S, DupontWallois L, Bussire T, Dupire MJ,
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Abstract Both phosphorylation and O-GlcNAc glycosylation posttranslationally modify microtubule-associated Tau proteins. Whereas the hyperphosphorylation of these proteins that occurs in Alzheimer's disease is well characterized, little is known about the O-GlcNAc glycosylation. The present study demonstrates that a balance exists between phosphorylation and O-GlcNAc glycosylation of Tau proteins, and furthermore that a dysfunction of this balance correlates with reduced nuclear localization. The affinity of Tau proteins for WGA lectin, together with evidence from [3H]-galactose transfer and analysis of beta-eliminated products, demonstrated the presence of O-GlcNAc residues on both cytosolic and nuclear Tau proteins. In addition, our data indicated the existence of a balance between phosphorylation and O-GlcNAc glycosylation events. Indeed, as demonstrated by 2D-electrophoresis and Western blotting, O-GlcNAc residues were mainly located on the less phosphorylated Tau 441 variants, whereas the more phosphorylated forms were devoid of O-GlcNAc residues. Furthermore, the Tau protein hyperphosphorylation induced by cellular okadaic acid treatment was correlated with reduced incorporation of O-GlcNAc residues into Tau proteins and with diminished Tau transfer into the nucleus. Hence, this paper establishes a direct relationship between O-GlcNAc glycosylation, phosphorylation and cellular localization of Tau proteins.
This article was published in Biochim Biophys Acta
and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research