alexa Evidence of effect of subcutaneous immunotherapy in children: complete and updated review from 2006 onward.
Immunology

Immunology

Immunome Research

Author(s): LarenasLinnemann DE, PietropaoloCienfuegos DR, Caldern MA

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OBJECTIVE: To update the scientific evidence of subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) in children. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, EMBASE, and known articles. STUDY SELECTION: All publications on SCIT in pediatric patients from January 2006 to April 2011. Study design was not a restriction. The articles were analyzed according to their outcomes and evaluated on their scientific quality using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation and Jadad tools. Clinical, safety, and immunologic data were gathered. RESULTS: The scientific evidence produced by the 31 articles analyzed showed that there is high-quality evidence that grass pollen SCIT causes a reduction in the combined symptom-medication score and increases the threshold of the conjunctival provocation test, immediately and 7 years after termination of SCIT, as well as the threshold of the specific bronchial provocation test and the skin prick test reactivity. Alternaria SCIT improves medication scores, combined symptom-medication scores, and quality of life. It augments the threshold in the nasal provocation test. High-quality evidence of house dust mite SCIT shows that asthma symptom and medication scores improve and emergency department visits and skin reactivity are reduced; moderate evidence indicates improvement in pulmonary function tests. Pollen SCIT prevents asthma (moderate evidence); evidence for long-term benefit of pollen SCIT (7-12 years after termination) is low to moderate. There is inconclusive evidence for SCIT reducing new sensitizations. CONCLUSION: There is acceptable evidence that shows that grass pollen, Alternaria, and house dust mite SCIT is beneficial in allergic children.

This article was published in Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. and referenced in Immunome Research

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