Author(s): Dietz JR, Scott DY, Landon CS, Nazian SJ, Dietz JR, Scott DY, Landon CS, Nazian SJ
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Abstract The experiments, performed in pentobarbital sodium-anesthetized rats, consisted of a 1-h equilibration period followed by two 30-min control periods. Subsequently, synthetic rat pro atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) [proANP-(1-30)] (n = 8) was given as a bolus of 10 microg in 1 ml of 0.9\% saline followed by an infusion at 30 ng/min (20 microl/min) for six additional periods. Control rats (n = 6) received only 0.45\% saline in the appropriate volumes. Mean arterial pressure, renal blood flow, and glomerular filtration rate did not change significantly in either group during the proANP-(1-30) infusion. Urine flow and potassium excretion increased approximately 50\% in the proANP-(1-30)-infused group only (P < 0.05). Sodium excretion and fractional excretion of sodium, expressed as the change from their own baselines, were significantly increased by the proANP-(1-30) infusion (P < 0.05), whereas cGMP excretion was similar in both groups. These results suggest that the rat sequence of proANP-(1-30) produces a natriuresis in the rat independent of changes in hemodynamics and renal cGMP production. In a second study, rats (n = 8) were prepared as above and pretreated with 0.4 ml iv of rabbit serum containing an antibody directed against proANP-(1-30) (anti-proANP group). The rats were volume expanded with 3 ml of 6\% albumin in Krebs and observed for 3 h to determine if the anti-proANP would attenuate the responses to volume expansion. Control rats (n = 7) received 0.4 ml of normal rabbit serum. The elevation in potassium excretion in response to volume expansion was significantly attenuated in the anti-proANP group (P < 0.05). Sodium excretion and urine flow responses also tended to be reduced but not significantly. These results suggest that in the rat, proANP-(1-30) plays a physiological role in regulating renal excretion.
This article was published in Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol
and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy