Author(s): Sharkey SW, McAllister N, Dassenko D, Lin D, Han K,
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Abstract Tako-tsubo cardiomyopathy (TC) is a novel form of acute heart failure, characterized by regional left ventricular dysfunction without coronary artery obstruction, and usually triggered by a stressful event. Excessive circulating catecholamines have been implicated in the pathophysiology of this condition. This report documents the unusual occurrence of acute TC events in 2 male subjects of disparate ages, 16 and 66 years, for whom subsequent investigation in both led to the unexpected discovery of catecholamine-producing pheochromocytoma. Marked elevation of plasma catecholamines (epinephrine, norepinephrine, and dopamine) was present in both subjects and were remarkably similar to those previously reported in female patients with TC triggered by emotional stress. These observations show a common link between TC occurrence and elevated catecholamine levels in both male and female patients and, therefore, support the hypothesis that excessive levels of catecholamines may be involved in the pathophysiology of TC independent of age or gender. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Am J Cardiol
and referenced in Cardiovascular Pharmacology: Open Access