alexa Evidence that warfarin anticoagulant action involves two distinct reductase activities.
Clinical Research

Clinical Research

Journal of Clinical Case Reports

Author(s): Fasco MJ, Hildebrandt EF, Suttie JW

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Abstract The dithiothreitol-dependent vitamin K and vitamin K 2,3-epoxide hepatic microsomal reductase activities of warfarin-susceptible and warfarin-resistant rats were compared to gain insight into the role(s) of these activities in vitamin K metabolism and function. In microsomes from resistant rats, 3- to 4-fold more warfarin was required to produce 50\% inhibition (I50) of vitamin K reduction to vitamin K hydroquinone than in microsomes from susceptible rats. For the reduction of vitamin K 2,3-epoxide to vitamin K a 6-fold higher warfarin concentration was required. In microsomes from resistant rats, the I50 warfarin concentration required to inhibit gamma-carboxylation of microsomal precursor protein was also 4-fold higher with vitamin K as substrate and was 6-fold higher with the epoxide as substrate than in microsomes from susceptible rats. Collectively, these data suggest that the vitamin K reductase contributes to the metabolism of vitamin K in intact rats and that warfarin inhibition of both the vitamin K and vitamin K 2,3-epoxide reductases is involved in its anticoagulant effect.
This article was published in J Biol Chem and referenced in Journal of Clinical Case Reports

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