alexa Evidences showing ultraviolet-B radiation-induced damage of DNA in cyanobacteria and its detection by PCR assay.
Toxicology

Toxicology

Journal of Environmental & Analytical Toxicology

Author(s): Kumar A, Tyagi MB, Jha PN

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Abstract Impact of ultraviolet-B radiation in causing the damages to the DNA of the cyanobacterium, Anabaena strain BT2 has been investigated. Exposure of genomic DNA (in vitro) to UV-B radiation for 1 h did not cause any shift in the absorption peak (lambda(max)) but more than 30\% increase in absorbance was noticed in comparison to untreated control DNA (no exposure to UV-B). This increase in absorbance in a way may be comparable to typical hypochromic effect but there was no decrease in absorbance following transfer of UV-B-treated DNA to fluorescent light or in the dark. That the damaging effect of UV-B radiation on native structure of DNA is indeed real was also evident from the PCR-based assay such as RAPD, rDNA amplification, and ARDRA. Template activity of UV-B-treated genomic DNA was drastically inhibited, there was no amplification in RAPD assay after prior exposure of DNA to UV-B for 60 min. Only one band of approximately 400 bp was observed even after 60 min of exposure which suggests that certain segment of DNA strand is resistant to UV-B effects. Similar to the effects on RAPD profile, amplification of rDNA was significantly inhibited following exposure of genomic DNA to UV-B. Our findings clearly demonstrate that UV-B does affect the DNA of cyanobacteria and the killings of these microbes might be due to the irreversible damages caused to DNA by this high energy radiation. It is felt that PCR assay may be conveniently used for screening the damages caused to DNA by UV-B radiation in cyanobacteria and other microorganisms. This article was published in Biochem Biophys Res Commun and referenced in Journal of Environmental & Analytical Toxicology

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