Author(s): Friedman TM, Jones SC, Statton D, Murphy GF, Korngold R
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Abstract Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) can be induced in lethally irradiated mice after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation between major histocompatibility complex-matched strains expressing multiple minor histocompatibility antigen differences. In the B6 --> BALB.B irradiation model, both CD4(+) and CD8(+) donor T cells have the capacity to mediate lethal GVHD. Previously, CDR3-size spectratyping was used to analyze these T-cell responses at a single early time point (day 5) after transplantation and revealed clonal or oligoclonal expansions of the V beta 2, 4, and 6 to 14 families for the CD4(+) response and of the V beta 4, 6, 8 to 11, and 14 families for the B6 CD8(+) response. Appropriate positive selection of these T-cell receptor V beta-skewed CD4(+) and CD8(+) T-cell subsets and their subsequent transfer into lethally irradiated BALB.B recipients resulted in fatal GVHD induction. In contrast, BALB.B mice transplanted with nonskewed V beta CD4(+) T cells survived, with minimal symptoms of GVHD. This study was undertaken to investigate the evolution of the donor/antihost minor histocompatibility antigen T-cell repertoire responses throughout the course of GVHD development. The results indicated that a number of V beta families were consistently involved throughout the course of GVHD, whereas some V beta families exhibited skewed expansions only in either the early or late stages of disease. In addition, sequence analysis of relevant representative skewed CDR3 bands from the CD4(+) V beta 11(+) and the CD8(+) V beta 14(+) families, both of which exhibited strong consistent responses, demonstrated increased use of the J beta 2.5 and J beta 2.4 segments, respectively, thus identifying the T-cell receptor specificities involved.
This article was published in Biol Blood Marrow Transplant
and referenced in Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy