alexa Ex vivo induction of apoptosis in lymphocytes is mediated by oxidative stress: role for lymphocyte loss in HIV infection.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Dobmeyer TS, Findhammer S, Dobmeyer JM, Klein SA, Raffel B,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Programmed cell death (apoptosis) of T-lymphocytes observed in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected individuals could be linked to oxidative stress. Therefore, we have investigated whether reactive oxygen species (ROS) induce apoptosis, which might contribute to the cell loss during progression of HIV-1 infection. ROS were generated in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) obtained from HIV-1-positive patients and from healthy controls by stimulation with bacteria or by treatment with hypoxanthine/xanthine oxidase, which has been shown to generate ROS without direct involvement of cytokines. A dose-dependent inhibition of ROS formation correlated with the reduction of apoptosis induced by both bacterial and hypoxanthine/xanthine oxidase stimulation, suggesting that ROS generation was responsible for the induction of apoptosis. In addition, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) rather than superoxide (O2.-) was observed to induce apoptosis. ROS-dependent apoptosis was shown to be independent of cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). ROS-induced apoptosis was significantly enhanced in HIV-infected subjects even in the very early stages after infection. Moreover, ROS-mediated apoptosis was not restricted to a particular lymphocyte subset. In view of the diminished oxidative resistance of HIV-infected individuals, our results suggest that ROS-mediated apoptosis might contribute to the deletion of lymphocytes and to the pathogenesis of the disease.
This article was published in Free Radic Biol Med and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords