alexa Exaggerated neurogenic inflammation and substance P receptor upregulation in RSV-infected weanling rats.
Engineering

Engineering

Journal of Biosensors & Bioelectronics

Author(s): King KA, Hu C, Rodriguez MM, Romaguera R, Jiang X,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection in adult rats causes exaggerated inflammation after sensory nerve stimulation in the extrapulmonary, but not in the intrapulmonary airways. The goal of this study was to analyze neurogenic inflammation in weanling F-344 rats infected with RSV 18 +/- 2 d after birth. Five days after RSV inoculation, the extravasation of Evans blue-labeled albumin after nerve stimulation was significantly greater in the intrapulmonary airways of RSV-infected weanling rats than in pathogen-free control rats. In contrast, no difference was found in the extrapulmonary airways. The level of messenger RNA (mRNA) encoding the substance P (SP) receptor (neurokinin 1 [NK1]) increased fourfold in RSV-infected lungs, whereas mRNA encoding the VIPR1 receptor for the antiinflammatory vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) increased to a much lesser degree. mRNAs encoding the other neurokinin (NK2) and VIP (VIPR2) receptors were not affected by the virus. Selective inhibition of the NK1 receptor abolished neurogenic inflammation in RSV-infected intrapulmonary airways. Also, neurogenic inflammation and NK1 receptor upregulation in infected lungs were inhibited by prophylaxis with a monoclonal antibody against RSV. These data suggest that RSV lower respiratory tract infection makes the intrapulmonary airways of young rats abnormally susceptible to the proinflammatory effects of SP by selectively upregulating the expression of NK1 receptors. This article was published in Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol and referenced in Journal of Biosensors & Bioelectronics

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords