Author(s): Ross LO, Maxfield R, Dawson D
Homologous chromosomes pair, and then migrate to opposite poles of the spindle at meiosis I. In most eukaryotic organisms, reciprocal recombinations (crossovers) between the homologs are critical to the success of this process. Individuals with defects in meiotic recombination typically produce high levels of aneuploid gametes and exhibit low fertility or are sterile. The experiments described here were designed to test whether different crossovers are equally able to contribute to the fidelity of meiotic chromosome segregation in yeast. These experiments were performed with model chromosomes with which it was possible to control and measure the distributions of meiotic crossovers in wild-type cells. Physical and genetic approaches were used to map crossover positions on model chromosomes and to correlate crossover position with meiotic segregation behavior. The results show that crossovers at different chromosomal positions have different abilities to enhance the fidelity of meiotic segregation.