Author(s): Wuarin JP, Dudek FE
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Abstract Temporal lobe epilepsy is usually associated with a latent period and an increased seizure frequency following a precipitating insult. After kainate treatment, the mossy fibers of the dentate gyrus are hypothesized to form recurrent excitatory circuits between granule cells, thus leading to a progressive increase in the excitatory input to granule cells. Three groups of animals were studied as a function of time after kainate treatment: 1-2 wk, 2-4 wk, and 10-51 wk. All the animals studied 10-51 wk after kainate treatment were observed to have repetitive spontaneous seizures. Whole cell patch-clamp recordings in hippocampal slices showed that the amplitude and frequency of spontaneous excitatory postsynaptic currents (EPSCs) in granule cells increased with time after kainate treatment. This increased excitatory synaptic input was correlated with the intensity of the Timm stain in the inner molecular layer (IML). Flash photolysis of caged glutamate applied in the granule cell layer evoked repetitive EPSCs in 10, 32, and 66\% of the granule cells at the different times after kainate treatment. When inhibition was reduced with bicuculline, photostimulation of the granule cell layer evoked epileptiform bursts of action potentials only in granule cells from rats 10-51 wk after kainate treatment. These data support the hypothesis that kainate-induced mossy fiber sprouting in the IML results in the progressive formation of aberrant excitatory connections between granule cells. They also suggest that the probability of occurrence of electrographic seizures in the dentate gyrus increases with time after kainate treatment.
This article was published in J Neurophysiol
and referenced in Biochemistry & Pharmacology: Open Access