alexa Exclusive breast feeding (EBF) in Jordan: prevalence, duration, practices, and barriers.
Healthcare

Healthcare

Journal of Womens Health Care

Author(s): Abuidhail J, AlModallal H, Yousif R, Almresi N

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Abstract OBJECTIVE: of this study is to investigate the prevalence, duration, practices and barriers of Exclusive breast feeding (EBF) among Jordanian mothers in three major governorates. DESIGN: longitudinal, prospective design was used in this study. SETTINGS AND PARTICIPANTS: convenience sample of 572 pairs of postpartum mothers-infants were recruited from postpartum wards at three governmental hospitals and three private hospitals in major Jordanian governorate. MEASUREMENTS AND FINDINGS: data were collected in two phases. In the first phase, trained research assistants conducted face to face structured interviews with participating mothers at the hospital. In the second phase, the research assistants conducted follow up phone interviews at the end of first, fourth and sixth months after birth. The findings of this study showed that the prevalence of EBF as recommended by WHO was 1\%. The average duration of EBF was one month. The main barriers of EBF were: infants feel hungry after breast feeding, short period between pregnancies, and breast problems. KEY CONCLUSIONS: postpartum mothers initiated EBF practice within the first hour after giving birth; however, this practice declined gradually as the infant grew up within the first six months after birth. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: antenatal education sessions in the Jordanian governmental hospitals about EBF are required to meet the WHO recommendations. Furthermore, midwives and nurses have to focus on effective breast feeding process to overcome the barriers of EBF during antenatal education and postnatal care. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This article was published in Midwifery and referenced in Journal of Womens Health Care

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