Author(s): Bowles DK, Farrar RP, Starnes JW, Bowles DK, Farrar RP, Starnes JW
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Abstract The aim of this study was to determine whether exercise training produces a myocardium intrinsically more tolerant to ischemic-reperfusion injury. Male Fischer 344 rats were treadmill trained for 11-16 wk at one of the following intensities: LOW (20 m/min, 0\% grade, 60 min/day), moderate (MOD; 30 m/min, 5\% grade, 60 min/day) or intensive (INT; 10 bouts of alternating 2-min runs at 16 and 60 m/min, 5\% grade). Cardiac function was evaluated both before and after 25 min of global, zero-flow ischemia in the isolated, working heart model. Compared to hearts from sedentary (SED) rats, postischemic cardiac output (CO) and work were significantly higher in all trained groups. Percent recovery of CO (relative to preischemia) was 36.0 +/- 7.1 in SED and 61.2 +/- 6.5, 68.1 +/- 9.3, and 73.2 +/- 5.0 in LOW, MOD, and INT, respectively. Postischemic increases in stroke volume with increased preload and cardiac work at high work load were significantly higher in INT compared with SED. Coronary flow during initial retrograde reperfusion was significantly enhanced with training and correlated with subsequent recovery of CO (R2 = 0.613). Furthermore, trained hearts had higher phosphocreatine (P less than 0.05) and ATP (P less than 0.01) contents after 45 min reperfusion. It is concluded that exercise training results in an intrinsic myocardial adaptation, allowing greater recovery of cardiac pump function after global ischemia in the isolated rat heart.
This article was published in Am J Physiol
and referenced in Journal of Aging Science