Author(s): Yui T, Taki N, Sugiyama J, Hayashi S
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Abstract An exhaustive search of the crystal structure of beta-chitin was carried out by simultaneously optimizing all the structural parameters based on published X-ray diffraction data and stereochemical criteria. The most probable structure was characterized by a parallel-up chain polarity, a gg orientation of hydroxymethyl groups and an intermolecular hydrogen bond along the a-axis, which essentially reproduced the original structure proposed by Gardner and Blackwell. The proposed crystal structure was subsequently subjected to crystal modeling using the AMBER force field. The probable orientation of hydroxyl groups and their motional behaviors is proposed based on calculations for the crystal models identified. Solvated crystal models exhibited a slightly deformed structure with the formation of appreciable numbers of hydrogen bonds along the b-axis.
This article was published in Int J Biol Macromol
and referenced in Chemical Sciences Journal