Author(s): Bryant KJ, Bryant KJ
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Abstract This article is a review of some of the major epidemiological, behavioral, biological, and integrative prevention research issues and priorities in the area of HIV/AIDS and alcohol consumption. Drinking alcohol increases both the risk for infection with HIV and related illnesses and the morbidity and mortality of patients who progress to AIDS. New and improved measurement procedures have helped in assessment of the complex patterns of alcohol use, identification of intervening explanatory mechanisms for risk behaviors and contexts, and determination of intervention outcomes. Both the direct and indirect effects of alcohol misuse appear to be major contributors to both the risk for infection with HIV and the transmission of HIV/AIDS at the individual and population levels. There is increasing evidence that perhaps no level of alcohol consumption is "safe" for those who are HIV infected and receiving antiretroviral treatment. Interdisciplinary basic behavioral and biomedical research is needed to develop comprehensive culturally appropriate strategies for programs that can be effectively delivered in community contexts in the United States and abroad and that focus on the integration of our understanding of individual behaviors, high-risk group membership, biological mechanisms, and the social and physical environments that place individuals at risk for HIV infection. High-priority topics include improving adherence to antiretroviral medications, prevention of infection in young minority women in the United States, and treatment of HIV+ pregnant women who are alcohol abusers to prevent adverse fetal outcomes, which is an international focus in under-resourced settings in Africa.
This article was published in Subst Use Misuse
and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research