Author(s): Neuhaus B
Ulcerative dermatitis (UD) is a severe inflammatory skin disorder with an unknown aetiology. Recently, insulin receptor substrate 1 KO mice were shown to be fully resistant to UD. In this study, we showed that high-fat diet (HFD) feeding significantly increased incidence of UD in wild type (WT) C57BL/6 mice, as did lithium-mediated inhibition of GSK3-β, which is a key negative regulator of IRS1. In contrast to WT mice, resistance to UD was fully preserved in HFD-fed Irs1-KO mice. Our results identify IRS1 as a key determinant of UD pathogenesis and establish a direct link between diet composition, obesity-induced inflammation and chronic ulceration.