alexa Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. An anatomically-based explanation of clinical progression in rodents.


International Journal of Neurorehabilitation

Author(s): Simmons RD, Bernard CC, Singer G, Carnegie PR

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Abstract Lactate accumulation was measured soon after decapitation in three adjacent lower spinal cord regions of rats with EAE. Results indicate that during EAE, and in correlation with the onset of clinical signs of both initial attack and short-term relapse, a differential focal increase in lactate accumulation occurs in rat spinal cord compared to Freund's Complete Adjuvant controls, with greater increase occurring in more caudal segments. A [14C]antipyrine method of estimating relative spinal cord blood flow failed to find evidence that the lactate accumulations were due to focal ischemia. Subsequent measurement of isotopic water and total protein increases in the same cord regions indicated that a slight but significant increase in vasogenic edema occurs in correlation with the increase in lactate accumulation and the onset of EAE clinical signs. The data are interpreted as lending support to a speculative theory of paralysis induced by edema during EAE, in which nerve root endoneurium is postulated as the functionally vulnerable site. More specifically, it is hypothesized that the ascending progression of clinical signs of EAE in rodents can be explained on an anatomical basis by progressive disturbance of the nodes of Ranvier in nerve root myelinated fibers.
This article was published in J Neuroimmunol and referenced in International Journal of Neurorehabilitation

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