alexa Experimental studies of the influence of vigabatrin on the GABA system.
Psychiatry

Psychiatry

Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Author(s): Gram L, Larsson OM, Johnsen A, Schousboe A

Abstract Share this page

Abstract 1. Studies of the influence of clinically relevant concentrations of vigabatrin on GABA-transaminase and on the release of endogenous GABA were performed in selectively cultured astrocytes and neurons. In addition, the two stereoisomers of vigabatrin were investigated separately. 2. The results indicated a preferential inhibition of neuronal GABA-transaminase by vigabatrin. 3. Only the (S)-form of vigabatrin seems to inhibit GABA-transaminase. This finding corresponds to observations in epileptic animals that the (R)-form exhibits no anticonvulsant effect. 4. Resynthesis of GABA-transaminase, following withdrawal of vigabatrin showed that maximum enzyme activity was obtained within 6 days. This finding corresponds to the persistent effect after withdrawal of the drug in patients, observed in clinical trials. 5. At a concentration of 25 microM, vigabatrin caused a significant increase in the release of endogenous GABA from cultured GABAergic neurons. Although no data on brain levels of the drugs are currently available, judging from vigabatrin blood concentrations in man and from information of brain levels in animals, following chronic treatment, it is conceivable that a sufficiently high concentration of the drug in human brain is obtained to augment GABA release.
This article was published in Br J Clin Pharmacol and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords