Author(s): Trubitsyn DA, Vorontsov AV
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Abstract Removal from air and decomposition of dimethyl methylphosphonate (DMMP) over high surface area anatase TiO(2) at ambient temperature have been quantitatively studied by employing Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) technique under static conditions. In the first scenario of air purification, DMMP underwent reactive adsorption that upon completion was followed by photocatalytic oxidation. DMMP was captured over the TiO(2) surface at the speed of external diffusion. Hydrolysis of adsorbed DMMP led to methanol and methyl methylphosphonate (MMP). At low DMMP coverage quantity, it hydrolyzed completely with the formation of completely surface-bound methanol at 1\% relative humidity (RH) and mostly gaseous methanol at 50\% RH. Photocatalytic oxidation generated CO(2) as the only carbonaceous gaseous product and bidentate formates as the intermediate surface product. At high DMMP coverage quantity, it was captured incompletely and hydrolyzed partially with CH(3)OH in the gas phase only, 50\% RH enhancing both processes. Photocatalytic oxidation generated gaseous HCOOH, CO, and CO(2) and was incomplete due to catalyst deactivation by nonvolatile products. In the second scenario of air purification, DMMP underwent adsorption, hydrolysis, and photooxidation at the same time. It resulted in the quickest removal of DMMP from the gas phase and completion of oxidation in 30 min, suggesting this process for practical air decontamination. At least 0.8 nm(2) of TiO(2) surface per each DMMP molecule should be available for complete purification of air.
This article was published in J Phys Chem B
and referenced in Journal of Chemical Engineering & Process Technology