Author(s): Jolly L, Vincent SJ, Duboc P, Neeser JR
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Abstract Microbial exopolysaccharides (EPSs) synthesized by lactic acid bacteria (LAB) play a major role in the manufacturing of fermented dairy products. EPS production is characterized by a large variety in terms of quantity, chemical composition, molecular size, charge, type of sidechains and rigidity of the molecules. Monosaccharide unit's composition, linkages, charge and size determine the EPS' intrinsic properties and their interactions with other milk constituents. EPSs contribute to texture, mouthfeel, taste perception and stability of the final product. Furthermore, it was reported that EPS from food grade organisms, particularly LAB, have potential as food additives and as functional food ingredients with both health and economic benefits. A better understanding of structure-function relationships of EPS in a dairy food matrix and of EPS biosynthesis remain two major challenges for further applications of EPS and the engineering of functional polysaccharides.
This article was published in Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
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