alexa Exploring brief measures of nicotine dependence for epidemiological surveys.
Psychiatry

Psychiatry

Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Author(s): de Leon J, Diaz FJ, Becoa E, Gurpegui M, Jurado D,

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Abstract A score > or = 6 in the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND), identifying high nicotine dependence, was compared with three briefer classifications: (1) Item 4: heavy smoking (more than 30 cigarettes per day); (2) Item 1: high early smoking (smoking within 30 min of waking up); and (3) a score > or = 4 by combining Items 1 and 4. The FTND scores from 1642 smokers from five samples in the US and Spain were analyzed. Heavy smoking had low sensitivity. High early smoking had low specificity. A score > or = 4 by combining Items 1 and 4 had relatively good sensitivity (94\%) and specificity (88\%). Researchers needing definition of nicotine dependence briefer than FTND may want to only use Items 1 and 4 of FTND with a cutting score > or = 4.
This article was published in Addict Behav and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

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