alexa Exposure to gold nanoparticles produces cardiac tissue damage that depends on the size and duration of exposure.
Materials Science

Materials Science

Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology

Author(s): Abdelhalim MA

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Current research focuses on cancer therapy, diagnostics and imaging, although many challenges still need to be solved. However, for the application of gold nanoparticles (GNPs) in therapy and diagnostics it is necessary to know the bioaccumulation and local or systemic toxicity associated to them. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of intraperitoneal administration of GNPs on the histological alterations of the heart tissue of rats in an attempt to cover and understand the toxicity and the potential role of GNPs in the therapeutic and diagnostic applications. METHODS: Animals were randomly divided into 3 GNPs-treated rats groups and one control group (CG). The 10, 20 and 50 nm GNPs were administered intraperitonealy at the rate of 3 or 7 days as follows: Group 1: received infusion of 100 μl GNPs of size 10 nm for 3 or 7 days; Group 2: received infusion of 100 μl GNPs of size 20 nm for 3 or 7 days; Group 3: received infusion of 100 μl GNPs of size 50 nm for 3 or 7 days. CONTROL GROUP: received no GNPs. RESULTS: In comparison with the respective control rats, GNPs-treated rat received 100 μl of 10 and 20 nm particles for 3 days or 7 days demonstrating congested heart muscle with prominent dilated blood vessels, scattered and extravasations of red blood cells, focus of muscle hyalinosis, disturbed muscle fascicles, dense prominent focus of inflammatory cells infiltrate by small lymphocytes and few plasma cells while GNPs-treated rat received 100 μl of 50 nm particles for 3 or 7 days demonstrating benign normal looking heart muscle with normal muscle direction and fascicles, and very few scattered small lymphocytes. CONCLUSIONS: The histological alterations induced by intraperitoneal administration of GNPs were size-dependent with smaller ones induced more affects and related with time exposure of GNPs. This study suggests that interaction of GNPs with proteins and various cell types might be evaluated as part of the toxicological assessment in addition to further experiments related to tissues antioxidant enzymes, oxidative parameters, lipid peroxidation, production of free radicals and/or ROS and cytokine, histomorphologcal and ultrastrucural will be performed to cover and understand the toxicity and the potential use of GNPs as therapeutic and diagnostic tool.
This article was published in Lipids Health Dis and referenced in Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • Nano Congress for Next Generation
    August 31-September 01, 2017 Brussels,Belgium
  • Graphene & 2D Materials
    September 14-15, 2017 Edinburgh, Scotland
  • Graphene & 2D Materials
    November 6-7, 2017 Frankfurt, Germany
  • World Congress on Nanoscience and Nano Technology
    October 16-17, 2017 Dubai, UAE
  • World Medical Nanotechnology Congress
    October 18-19, 2017 Osaka, Japan
  • Nanoscienceand Molecular Nanotechnology
    Nov 06-08, 2017 Frankfurt, Germany
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords