alexa Exposure to thoracic dust, airway symptoms and lung function in cement production workers
Environmental Sciences

Environmental Sciences

Journal of Pollution Effects & Control

Author(s): KC Nordby, AKM Fell, H Not, W Eduard, M Skogstad

Abstract Share this page

Cement dust exposure has previously been associated with airway symptoms and ventilatory impairment. The aim of the present study was to examine lung function and airway symptoms among employees in different jobs and at different levels of exposure to thoracic dust in the cement production industry. At the start of a 4-yr prospective cohort study in 2007, exposure to cement dust, symptoms and lung function were recorded cross-sectionally in 4,265 employees in 24 European cement plants. Bronchial exposure was assessed by 2,670 full-shift dust samples with cyclones collecting the thoracic aerosol fraction. A job exposure matrix was constructed by grouping dust concentrations according to job type and plant. Elevated odds ratios for symptoms and airflow limitation (range 1.2–2.6 in the highest quartile), but not for chronic bronchitis, were found in the higher quartiles of exposure compared with the lowest quartile. Forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) showed an exposure–response relationship with a 270-mL deficit of FEV1 (95% CI 190–300 mL) in the highest compared with the lowest exposure level. The results support the hypothesis that exposure to dust in cement production may lead to respiratory symptoms and airway obstruction.

This article was published in European Respiratory Journal and referenced in Journal of Pollution Effects & Control

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version