alexa Expression and actions of both the follicle stimulating hormone receptor and the luteinizing hormone receptor in normal ovarian surface epithelium and ovarian cancer.
General Science

General Science

Journal of Biotechnology & Biomaterials

Author(s): Parrott JA, Doraiswamy V, Kim G, Mosher R, Skinner MK

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The ability of gonadotropins to act on and regulate normal ovarian surface epithelial (OSE) cells and ovarian cancer cells was investigated. Bovine OSE was used as a model to study normal OSE. Results demonstrate that follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and the luteinizing hormone (LH) like molecule, human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), can both stimulate (3H)-thymidine incorporation into DNA in normal OSE cells. Similar results were obtained using either purified hormones or recombinant human hormones. A human ovarian cancer cell-line OCC1 was also stimulated to grow in response to FSH and hCG, but the growth of a different human ovarian cancer cell-line SKOV3 was not affected. In addition to effects on cell growth, gonadotropins also stimulated growth factor expression. Both FSH and hCG stimulated steady state levels of keratinocyte growth factor (KGF), hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), and kit ligand (KL) mRNA in OSE cells. Previously, KGF, HGF, and KL have been shown to stimulate OSE growth. Both follicle stimulating hormone receptor (FSHR) and luteinizing hormone receptor (LHR) were observed in OSE cells by Northern blot analysis. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis was performed on fresh and cultured OSE cells. Normal OSE was found to express FSHR and LHR both in vivo and in vitro. The PCR reaction products were sequenced and found to provide a 100\% homology with the bovine gonadotropin receptor sequences previously reported. FSHR and LHR transcripts were also detected in gonadotropin responsive OCC1 cells, but not in the gonadotropin insensitive SKOV3 cells. Observations support the hypothesis that gonadotropins may influence some ovarian cancers. In summary, the current study demonstrates the novel observation that both the FSHR and LHR are expressed by bovine OSE and selected ovarian cancers. Interestingly, the actions of FSH and LH to promote OSE growth may in part be mediated indirectly through an elevation in the expression of autocrine growth factors (KGF, HGF, and KL). Ovarian cancer is more common in conditions with elevated gonadotropins such as post-menopausal women. Therefore, gonadotropin actions on the OSE are postulated to be a potential factor in the onset and progression of some ovarian cancers.
This article was published in Mol Cell Endocrinol and referenced in Journal of Biotechnology & Biomaterials

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords