alexa Expression and distribution of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide receptor VPAC(2) mRNA in human airways
Neurology

Neurology

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Neuroimmunology

Author(s): Groneberg DA, Hartmann P, Dinh QT, Fischer A

Abstract Share this page

SUMMARY: Vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) is a putative neurotransmitter of the inhibitory non-adrenergic non-cholinergic nervous system and influences many aspects of mammalian airway function. VIP binds to two G-protein-coupled VPAC receptors that are highly homologous structurally but distinguished by their different affinities for peptide analogues of VIP. As VIP binding sites in the respiratory tract have only been examined by ligand binding and cytochemical techniques, we studied the distribution of the mRNA that encodes the inducible receptor subtype VPAC(2) in the human respiratory tract. Northern blots demonstrated the expression of VPAC(2) mRNA in human airways and other tissues. A human-specific VPAC(2) cRNA probe was used to detect VPAC(2) mRNA expression in human lung by nonradioactive in situ hybridization. In larger airways, positive VPAC(2) mRNA signals were localized to tracheal and bronchial ciliated epithelial cells. There was also marked staining of mucous and serous cells of submucosal glands. No signals were obtained in airway and vascular smooth muscle myocytes and endothelial cells. In peripheral lung tissues, VPAC(2) mRNA expression was localized to epithelial cells of the bronchioles. Specific staining was detected in immune cells and alveolar macrophages. In summary, VPAC(2) is localized in airway epithelial, glandular, and immune cells of the lung but not in airway and vascular smooth muscle. The absence of VPAC(2) mRNA in vascular and airway smooth muscle myocytes may indicate that the effects of VIP on vasodilation and bronchodilation are mediated by VPAC(1) or undefined receptors. However, a paracrine modulation of the two most prominent effects of VIP in the respiratory tract by VPAC(2) cannot be excluded.

  • To read the full article Visit
  • Subscription
This article was published in Lab Invest. and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Neuroimmunology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords