Author(s): McEachern AE, Shelton ER, Bhakta S, Obernolte R, Bach C,
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Abstract A cDNA encoding a functional bradykinin receptor was isolated from a rat uterus library by a clonal selection strategy using Xenopus laevis oocytes to assay for expression of bradykinin responses. The predicted protein is homologous to the seven transmembrane G protein-coupled superfamily of receptors. Bradykinin and its analogs stimulate a Cl- current oocytes expressing the receptor with the rank order of potency: bradykinin approximately Lys-bradykinin greater than [Tyr8]-bradykinin much greater than [Phe6]bradykinin. This is the rank order of potency observed for these compounds in competitive binding assays on soluble receptor from rat uterus. Des-Arg9-bradykinin (10 microM) elicits no response when applied to oocytes expressing the receptor; thus, the cDNA encodes a B2 type bradykinin receptor. [Thi5,8,DPhe7]bradykinin, where Thi is beta-(2-thienyl)-alanine, is a very weak partial agonist and inhibits the bradykinin-mediated ion flux, suggesting the cDNA encodes a smooth muscle, rather than a neuronal, B2 receptor subtype. Receptor message has a distribution consistent with previous reports of bradykinin function and/or binding in several tissues and is found in rat uterus, vas deferens, kidney, lung, heart, ileum, testis, and brain. Receptor subtypes are a possibility because several tissues contain two or three message species (4.0, 5.7, and 6.5 kilobases). Southern blot high-stringency analysis demonstrated that the rat, guinea pig, and human genomes contain a single gene. As bradykinin is a key mediator of pain, knowledge of the primary structure of this receptor will allow a molecular understanding of the receptor and aid the design of antagonists for pain relief.
This article was published in Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A
and referenced in Journal of Autacoids and Hormones