Author(s): Lackey KH, Pope PM, Johnson MD, Lackey KH, Pope PM, Johnson MD
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Abstract We have studied the expression of 1L-myoinositol-1-phosphate synthase (MIPS; EC 22.214.171.124) in developing organs of Phaseolus vulgaris to define genetic controls that spatially regulate inositol phosphate biosynthesis. MIPS, the pivotal biosynthetic enzyme in inositol metabolism, is the only enzyme known to catalyze the conversion of glucose 6-phosphate to inositol phosphate. It is found in unicellular and multicellular eukaryotes and has been isolated as a soluble enzyme from both. Thus, it is widely accepted that inositol phosphate biosynthesis is largely restricted to the cytosol. Here, we report findings that suggest the enzyme is also expressed in membrane-bound organelles. Microscopic and biochemical analyses detected MIPS expression in plasma membranes, plastids, mitochondria, endoplasmic reticula, nuclei, and cell walls of bean. To address mechanisms by which the enzyme could be targeted to or through membranes, MIPS genes were analyzed for sorting signals within primary structures and upstream open reading frames that we discovered through our sequence analyses. Comprehensive computer analyses revealed putative transit peptides that are predicted to target the enzyme to different cellular compartments. Reverse transcriptase PCR experiments suggest that these putative targeting peptides are expressed in bean roots and leaves.
This article was published in Plant Physiol
and referenced in Cloning & Transgenesis