Author(s): Kirkaldy AA, Musonda AC, KhanolkharYoung S, Suneetha S, Lockwood DN
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Abstract We have investigated the expression of chemokines and their receptors in leprosy skin lesions using immunohistochemistry. Skin biopsies from 25 leprosy patients across the leprosy spectrum, 11 patients undergoing type I reversal reactions and four normal donors were immunostained by ABC peroxidase method using antibodies against CC and CXC chemokines and their receptors. Using an in situ hybridization technique we have also studied the expression of monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1), RANTES and interleukin (IL)-8 chemokines mRNA in leprosy skin lesions. Chemokines and receptor expression was detected in all leprosy skin biopsies. Expression of CC chemokines MCP-1 (P < 0.01) and RANTES (P < 0.01) were elevated significantly in borderline tuberculoid leprosy in reversal reaction compared to non-reactional borderline tuberculoid leprosy, but there was no difference in the expression of IL-8 chemokine. Surprisingly, there was no significant difference in the expression of CC (CCR2 and CCR5) and CXC (CXCR2) chemokine receptors across the leprosy spectrum. Similarly, there was no significant difference in the expression of mRNA for MCP-1, regulated upon activation normal T cell expressed and secreted (RANTES) and IL-8 chemokines. Here, the presence of a neutrophil chemoattractant IL-8 in leprosy lesions, which do not contain neutrophils, suggests strongly a role of IL-8 as a monocyte and lymphocyte recruiter in leprosy lesions. These results suggest that the chemokines and their receptors, which are known to chemoattract T lymphocytes and macrophages, are involved in assembling the cellular infiltrate found in lesions across the leprosy spectrum.
This article was published in Clin Exp Immunol
and referenced in Mycobacterial Diseases