Author(s): Liu A, Nakatsuka S, Yang WI, Kojya S, Aozasa K
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Abstract Sinonasal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma (NKTCL) is closely associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection and expresses latent membrane protein (LMP)-1 and EB nuclear antigen (EBNA)-1, i.e., latency II of EBV infection. Angioinvasion by neoplastic cells is a characteristic feature of NKTCL, but its mechanism is unknown. To elucidate the molecular mechanism of angio-invasiveness in NKTCL, expression of cell adhesion molecules and chemokine receptors at mRNA and protein levels was examined using real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry in 17 NKTCL together with 10 diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBL) and 9 non-neoplastic nasal mucosa as controls. EBV DNA was detected in 14 of 16 NKTCL examined, and 7 of these 14 expressed LMP-1. mRNA expression levels of integrin subunits alpha4, alpha L, alpha M, and beta2 were significantly higher in NKTCL than non-neoplastic controls. Integrin subunits alpha2 and alpha M were expressed at a significantly higher level in NKTCL with angioinvasion than those without. Expression level of alpha M was significantly higher in 7 cases of NKTCL with LMP-1 expression than 7 without. Immunohistochemistry showed expression of these molecules in NKTCL cells. These findings suggest that EBV infection might be involved in the pathogenesis of angioinvasion of NKTCL through up-regulation of alpha M by LMP-1.
This article was published in Oncol Rep
and referenced in Journal of Blood Disorders & Transfusion