alexa Expression of c-fos and fos-B proteins following transient forebrain ischemia: effect of hypothermia.
General Science

General Science

Journal of Forensic Research

Author(s): Kumar K, Wu X, Evans AT

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Abstract Immediate early genes are induced by transient global ischemia. Using immunohistochemistry we studied the effect of intraischemic hypothermia (30 degrees C) on the expression of c-fos and fos-B proteins following 10 min forebrain ischemia in the gerbil. Postischemia (PI) periods of 1 hour (h), 6 h, 1 day (d) and 2 d and nonischemic controls were examined in normothermic and hypothermic brains. In normothermic ischemic brains, marked expression of c-fos occurred in the dentate gyrus after 1 h PI which extended to CA2-4 regions by 6 h. Hypothermia hastened the time course of c-fos expression as it was expressed simultaneously in the dentate gyrus as well as CA2-4 regions after only 1 h, and by 6 h the expression remained only in the CA2-4 regions and not the dentate gyrus in hypothermic ischemic brains. There was no difference in its expression between normothermic and hypothermic brains in the 1 d and 2 d PI animals. Somewhat similar changes were noted in fos-B expression. In normothermic ischemic brains fos-B was induced in the dentate gyrus by 1 h PI, and by 6 h it extended to involve CA1-4 cells. The hypothermic ischemic brains showed faster induction of fos-B so that the dentate gyrus as well as CA1-4 regions were immunopositive at 1 h PI. There was no difference in its expression between normothermic and hypothermic brains in the subsequent PI periods of 6 h, 1 d and 2 d. The shift towards faster sequential induction of these genes by hypothermia in ischemic brains may be indicative of preservation of or faster recovery of mechanisms involved in intracellular signalling.
This article was published in Brain Res Mol Brain Res and referenced in Journal of Forensic Research

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