Author(s): Witschi H, Espiritu I, Suffia M, Pinkerton KE
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Abstract Male strain A mice were fed a diet containing chemopreventive agents. After 1 and 3 weeks on the diets, lung nuclear fractions were examined for expression of cyclin D1/2 with western blot analysis. In animals fed a diet containing a mixture of myoinositol and dexamethasone, a treatment found previously to be effective in preventing the development of tobacco smoke-induced lung tumors in A/J mice, cyclin D1/2 expression was reduced to 30-40\% of control levels. A similar decrease in cyclin D1/2 expression was found when animals were fed either myoinositol or dexamethasone alone. Paradoxically, tobacco smoke by itself had a similar effect on cyclin D1/2 expression. On the other hand, several agents that had been previously found not to be effective against tobacco smoke carcinogenesis [phenethyl isothiocyanate, 1,4-phenylenebis(methylene)selenoisocyanate, N-acetylcysteine, acetylsalicylic acid, D-limonene and beta carotene] did not decrease cyclin D1/2 expression after 1 or 3 weeks of feeding. It was concluded that expression of cyclin D1/2 might be a potentially useful marker in the identification of chemopreventive agents for tobacco smoke and could be of some help in the evaluation of their effects.
This article was published in Carcinogenesis
and referenced in Mass Spectrometry & Purification Techniques