Author(s): Isogai M, Oishi K, Shimokawa N, Yamaguchi M
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Abstract The effect of phenobarbital on the expression of calcium-binding protein regucalcin mRNA in rat liver was investigated. The change of regucalcin mRNA levels was analyzed by Northern blotting using liver regucalcin cDNA (0.9 kb of open reading frame). Phenobarbital (4, 8 and 12 mg/ 100 g body weight) was intraperitoneally administered to rats 3 times with 24 h intervals, and the animals were sacrificed by bleeding at 24 h after the last administration. The hepatic regucalcin mRNA levels were markedly reduced by phenobarbital administration. This decrease was about 50\% of control level with the 12 mg/100 g dose. Moreover, the hepatic regucalcin concentration was significantly decreased by the administration of phenobarbital (12 mg/100 g), although the serum regucalcin concentration was not altered appreciably. Meanwhile, serum transaminases (GOT and GPT) activities were not increased by the administration of phenobarbital (4 and 12 mg/100 g). The present study demonstrates that the expression of hepatic regucalcin mRNA is decreased by phenobarbital administration in rats, suggesting that regucalcin does not have a role in drug metabolism related to phenobarbital.
This article was published in Mol Cell Biochem
and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy