Author(s): Linjawi S, Li TC, Tuckerman EM, Blakemore AI, Laird SM, Linjawi S, Li TC, Tuckerman EM, Blakemore AI, Laird SM, Linjawi S, Li TC, Tuckerman EM, Blakemore AI, Laird SM, Linjawi S, Li TC, Tuckerman EM, Blakemore AI, Laird SM
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Abstract Interleukin-11 (IL-11) is a member of the IL-6 family of cytokines. Previous studies have suggested that IL-11 may play a role in human endometrial function. In this study, we have used immunocytochemistry to compare endometrial IL-11Ralpha and IL-11 expression in precisely timed peri-implantation biopsies from 9 normal fertile women and 16 recurrent miscarriage (RM) women. Immunocytochemistry was semi-quantified by obtaining an H-score value, which showed increased expression of both IL-11 and IL-11Ralpha in epithelial cells compared to stromal cells in all biopsies. There was a significant (P<0.01) reduction in epithelial cell IL-11, but not stromal cell IL-11, expression in endometrium from RM women compared to normal fertile women. There were no significant differences in expression of IL-11Ralpha protein in both stromal and epithelial cells in endometrium from the two groups of women. This work shows the presence of IL-11 and IL-11Ralpha within the endometrium of RM women during the peri-implantation period. The decreased expression of IL-11 in epithelial endometrium in RM women suggests that this cytokine may play a role in preventing miscarriage.
This article was published in J Reprod Immunol
and referenced in Journal of Immunobiology