Author(s): Kazi S, Ellis EM
The glutathione-S-transferases (GST) are a major contributor to the eukaryotic cell's defences against chemical and oxidative stress. However, the role of individual GST isoenzymes in conferring resistance to xenobiotics has not been fully determined. We have examined the effect of the rat GSTA5 isoenzyme in the detoxication of alkylating agents and aldehydes by constructing a cell line in which it is stably expressed. The hamster fibroblast cell line V79 was transfected with a construct expressing GSTA5 from the CMV promoter. A stable clone (V79-GSTA5) was isolated after selecting for the neomycin phosphotransferase gene present on the introduced DNA. The cell line showed significantly increased levels of resistance towards the alkylating agents chorambucil and melphalan. Levels of resistance were 4-6-fold greater in V79-GSTA5 cells than in control cells. Increased levels of resistance were also observed towards the lipid peroxidation product acrolein (IC(50)=80 microM compared with 17 microM in control cells). The V79-GSTA5 cells also showed a 4-fold increase in resistance to trans, trans muconaldehyde (IC(50)=4 micro compared with l microM for control cells). GSTA5 did not protect against 4-hydroxynonenal, but it did provide greater levels of protection to hydrogen peroxide, with an IC(50) of 380 microM in V79-GSTA5 compared with 180 microM in control cells. In contrast, V79-GSTA5 cells were more sensitive to methyl glyoxal, suggesting that a methyl glyoxal-glutathione conjugate is more toxic that the parental compound. These data contribute towards the evaluation of the role of GSTA5 in the detoxication of these compounds.