alexa Expression of the gamma-globin gene is sustained by the cAMP-dependent pathway in beta-thalassaemia.
Haematology

Haematology

Journal of Blood Disorders & Transfusion

Author(s): Bailey L, Kuroyanagi Y, FrancoPenteado CF, Conran N, Costa FF,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The present study found that the cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)-dependent pathway efficiently induced gamma-globin expression in adult erythroblasts, and this pathway plays a role in gamma-globin gene (HBG) expression in beta-thalassaemia. Expression of HBG mRNA increased to about 46\% of non-HBA mRNA in adult erythroblasts treated with forskolin, while a cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) analogue induced HBG mRNA to levels <20\% of non-HBA mRNA. In patients with beta-thalassaemia intermedia, cAMP levels were elevated in both red blood cells and nucleated erythroblasts but no consistent elevation was found with cGMP levels. The transcription factor cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) was phosphorylated in nucleated erythroblasts and its phosphorylation levels correlated with HBG mRNA levels of the patients. Other signalling molecules, such as mitogen-activated protein kinases and signal transducers and activators of transcription proteins, were phosphorylated at variable levels and showed no correlations with the HBG mRNA levels. Plasma levels of cytokines, such as erythropoietin, stem cell factor and transforming growth factor-beta were increased in patients, and these cytokines induced both HBG mRNA expression and CREB phosphorylation. These results demonstrate that the cAMP-dependent pathway, the activity of which is augmented by multiple cytokines, plays a role in regulating HBG expression in beta-thalassaemia. This article was published in Br J Haematol and referenced in Journal of Blood Disorders & Transfusion

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords