Author(s): Patel AR, Li J, Bass BL, Wang JY
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Abstract Polyamine depletion and cytokine transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) inhibit cell proliferation. The current study tests the hypothesis that polyamine depletion results in growth inhibition by altering expression of the TGF-beta gene in intestinal epithelial cells. Studies were conducted in the IEC-6 cell line derived from rat small intestinal crypt cells. Cells were grown in DMEM in the presence or absence of alpha-difluoromethylornithine (DFMO), a specific inhibitor of polyamine biosynthesis, for 6 and 12 days. Administration of DFMO not only depleted intracellular polyamines but also significantly increased the mRNA levels of TGF-beta. Increased TGF-beta mRNA in DFMO-treated cells was paralleled by an increase in TGF-beta content. Depletion of intracellular polyamines by DFMO had no effect on the rate of TGF-beta gene transcription, as measured by nuclear run-on assay. The half-life of mRNA for TGF-beta in normal cells was approximately 65 min and increased to >16 h in cells treated with DFMO for 6 or 12 days. Exogenous polyamine, when given together with DFMO, prevented the increased half-life of TGF-beta mRNA in IEC-6 cells. TGF-beta added to the culture medium significantly decreased the rate of DNA synthesis and final cell number in normal and polyamine-deficient cells. Furthermore, growth inhibition caused by polyamine depletion was partially but significantly blocked by addition of immunoneutralizing anti-TGF-beta antibody. These results indicate that 1) depletion of intracellular polyamines induces the activation of the TGF-beta gene through posttranscriptional regulation and 2) increased expression of the TGF-beta gene plays an important role in the process of growth inhibition following polyamine depletion.
This article was published in Am J Physiol
and referenced in Journal of Gastrointestinal & Digestive System