Author(s): Novotn C, Erbanov P, Sasek V, Kubtov A, Cajthaml T,
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Abstract Selected strains of three species of white rot fungi, Pleurotus ostreatus, Phanerochaete chrysosporium and Trametes versicolor, were grown in sterilized soil from straw inocula. The respective colonization rates and mycelium density values decreased in the above mentioned order. Three- and four-ringed PAHs at 50 ppm inhibited growth of fungi in soil to some extent. The activities of fungal MnP and laccase (units per g dry weight of straw or soil), extracted with 50 mM succinate-lactate buffer (pH 4.5), were 5 to 20-fold higher in straw compared to soil. The enzyme activities per g dry soil in P. ostreatus and T. versicolor were similar, in contrast to P. chrysosporium, where they were extremely low. Compared to the aerated controls, P. ostreatus strains reduced the levels of anthracene, pyrene and phenanthrene by 81-87\%, 84-93\% and 41-64\% within 2 months, respectively. During degradation of anthracene, all P. ostreatus strains accumulated anthraquinone. PAH removal rates in P. chrysosporium and T. versicolor soil cultures were much lower.
This article was published in Biodegradation
and referenced in Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation