alexa Extracellular potassium modulation of drug block of IKr. Implications for torsade de pointes and reverse use-dependence.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pharmacology

Author(s): Yang T, Roden DM

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Torsade de pointes often occurs with underlying hypokalemia and bradycardia. A common effect of many drugs producing torsade de pointes is block of the rapidly activating component of the cardiac delayed rectifier (IKr). In this study, we evaluated the effect of changing extracellular potassium ([K+]o) on IKr block by the nonspecific agent quinidine and by the specific IKr blocker dofetilide. METHODS AND RESULTS: IKr was measured in AT-1 cells, where contaminating outward currents are absent. The drug concentration producing 50\% inhibition of IKr tails (IC50) was strikingly [K+]o-dependent. Elevating [K+]o from 1 to 8 mmol/L increased the IC50 for dofetilide block from 2.7 +/- 0.9 to 79 +/- 32 nmol/L and for quinidine block from 0.4 +/- 0.1 to 3.8 +/- 1.2 mumol/L. CONCLUSIONS: (1) The increase in drug block with low [K+]o provides a mechanism to explain the link between hypokalemia and torsade de pointes. (2) Elevations in [K+]o occur with myocardial ischemia and with rapid pacing. Possible consequences of blunted drug block with high [K+]o include loss of drug efficacy with ischemia and with rapid pacing; the latter may contribute to "reverse use-dependent" action potential prolongation. Extracellular potassium is a critical determinant of drug block of IKr, with substantial clinical implications.
This article was published in Circulation and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pharmacology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version