alexa Extracellular S-nitrosoglutathione, but not S-nitrosocysteine or N(2)O(3), mediates protein S-nitrosation in rat spinal cord slices.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Romero JM, Bizzozero OA

Abstract Share this page

Abstract There is evidence that protein S-nitrosothiols (PrSNOs) accumulate in inflammatory demyelinating disorders like multiple sclerosis and experimental allergic encephalomyelitis. However, very little is known regarding the mechanism by which PrSNOs are formed in target cells. The present study compares the ability of potential intercellular mediators of nitrosative damage including S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO), S-nitrosocysteine and N(2)O(3) to induce protein S-nitros(yl)ation in the spinal cord, a CNS region that is commonly affected in multiple sclerosis and experimental allergic encephalomyelitis. The results clearly demonstrate that while all three NO-donors cause S-nitrosation of proteins in cell-free systems, only GSNO is a viable S-nitrosating agent in rat spinal cord slices. Generation of PrSNOs with GSNO occurs by S-transnitrosation as the process was not inhibited by either the NO-scavenger rutin or the N(2)O(3)-scavenger azide. Contrary to other cell types, nerve cells incorporate intact GSNO and neither functional l-amino acid transporters nor cell-surface thiols are required. We also found that there is a restricted number of proteins available for S-nitrosation, even at high, non-physiological concentrations of GSNO. These proteins are highly concentrated in mitochondria and mitochondria-rich subcellular compartments. This study is relevant to those CNS disorders characterized by excessive nitric oxide production. This article was published in J Neurochem and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords