Author(s): Zhou W, Zhu D, Tan L, Liao S, Hu Z,
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Abstract Studies were carried out on extraction and retrieval of potassium from water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes). The stem and leaf were subjected to 13 treatments. The highest rate of K removal following HCl treatment was 69.7\% K. Most effective removal of suspended organic substances, Ca2+ and Mg2+ were achieved at pH approximately 13, when 88.0\% of K remained in filtrate. Maximum K in precipitate following this step was achieved with tartaric acid additions at n(C4H6O6)/n(K+) of 1.72 when precipitating at 4 degrees C for 3h, which resulted in 72.3\% of K removal from the solution. Over the entire process, 44.3\% of K in the dried stem-leaf sample of water hyacinth was retrieved in the form of KC4H5O6. This process demonstrated the potential for use of water hyacinth as a resource of potassium to produce potassium salts and provide a valuable end use for the plant, which could be highly invasive in aquatic ecosystems.
This article was published in Bioresour Technol
and referenced in Journal of Fundamentals of Renewable Energy and Applications