alexa Extrahepatic glucuronidation of propofol in man: possible contribution of gut wall and kidney.
Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques

Author(s): Raoof AA, van Obbergh LJ, de Ville de Goyet J, Verbeeck RK

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVE: Results from clinical pharmacokinetic studies of propofol indicate that this i.v. anaesthetic agent may undergo significant extrahepatic glucuronidation. We have investigated whether glucuronidation of propofol takes place in the kidney and/or the gut wall. First, propofol concentrations were measured in arterial (radial artery) and portal venous blood of 12 cirrhotic patients with trans internal jugular porto-systemic shunting (TIPSS). RESULTS: In 7 of the 12 patients arterial propofol concentrations were higher than portal venous concentrations. In the remaining patients, propofol concentrations were higher in the portal vein than the radial artery. Since an additional study in 5 patients anaesthetized with propofol while undergoing cholecystectomy showed propofol and an acid-labile conjugate of it in bile, it is difficult to interpret the results in patients with TIPSS due to the possibility of enterohepatic cycling. Next, in vitro studies with human liver (n = 5), kidney (n = 5) and small intestinal (n = 5) microsomes showed that all three tissues were capable of forming propofol glucuronide. Vmax for propofol glucuronidation was approximately 3 to 3.5 times higher in kidney (5.56 nmol.min-1.mg-1 protein) than liver (1.80 nmol.min-1.mg-1 protein) and small intestine (1.61 nmol.min-1.mg-1 protein). CONCLUSION: Based on these in vitro results, it is concluded that extrahepatic glucuronidation in the small intestine and especially in the kidney may contribute to the overall glucuronidation of propofol in man.
This article was published in Eur J Clin Pharmacol and referenced in Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords