alexa Extrahepatic large hepatocellular carcinoma with peritoneal dissemination: multimodal treatment, including four surgical operations.
Gastroenterology

Gastroenterology

Journal of Liver

Author(s): Tanaka A, Takeda R, Yamamoto H, Utsunomiya H, Okamura R

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We report a patient with extrahepatically growing large hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) associated with disseminated intraabdominal tumor and spontaneous tumor bleeding who was treated with four operations, transcatheter arterial embolization, systemic chemotherapy, and hyperthermia. It took 12 months for the multimodal treatment to normalize the alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) level, and remission continued for 6 months. We performed the fourth surgical treatment for a recurrent abdominal tumor involving the small intestine and mesentery, but the patient died 26 months after the first admission. Multimodal treatment, including repeat surgical treatments, for such advanced HCC should be encouraged, to prolong life and to maintain quality of life.

This article was published in J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg and referenced in Journal of Liver

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