alexa Extrahepatic synthesis of apolipoprotein E.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pharmacology

Author(s): Driscoll DM, Getz GS

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Abstract Apolipoprotein E (apoE) synthesis has been examined in rat and guinea pig tissues using in vitro translation and [35S]methionine labeling of tissue slices. A number of tissues not involved in lipoprotein synthesis synthesize a protein very similar to apoE, including the spleen, adrenal, kidney, testis, ovary, heart, and lung. Although the intestine is involved in lipoprotein synthesis, apoE synthesis could not be detected in intestinal mucosa. The protein synthesized by the extrahepatic tissues was identified as apoE by its electrophoretic mobility, its immunologic reactivity with a monospecific antibody and by limited proteolysis mapping with Staphylococcus aureus V8 protease. ApoE represented between 0.02 and 0.7\% of the total protein synthesized in the extrahepatic tissues, indicating that apoE mRNA is a fairly abundant mRNA in these tissues. ApoE mRNA was also detected by hybridization with a rat apoE cDNA clone, which hybridized to a single mRNA 1250 nucleotides in length in rat liver and in extrahepatic tissues. Hybridization of the apoE clone to rat genomic DNA demonstrated that the apoE gene was more heavily methylated in intestinal mucosa, which did not synthesize apoE, than in liver, testis, or kidney. 35S labeling of peritoneal macrophages revealed that both rat and guinea pig macrophages synthesized and secreted apoE in vitro. Rhesus aortic smooth muscle cells also synthesized and secreted apoE. The possible functions of apoE synthesized in the peripheral tissues are considered.
This article was published in J Lipid Res and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pharmacology

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