Author(s): Santini MT, Ferrante A, Rainaldi G, Indovina P, Indovina PL
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Abstract In recent years, there has been increasing evidence that extremely low frequency magnetic fields might be linked to tumours, particularly with childhood leukaemia. In the same period, the role of apoptosis in the tumour process has also gained increasing importance. It is the purpose of this review to describe the apoptotic process, discuss selected papers in which apoptosis is examined in cells exposed to magnetic fields and describe the possible biophysical mechanisms responsible for changes in the apoptotic process in exposed cells. Despite some differences, as a whole, the literature seems to demonstrate that magnetic fields induce changes in apoptosis in cells exposed to different experimental protocols. In addition, the important role of ions, particularly of Ca2+, in the apoptotic process is also discussed, and one possible model for magnetic field action on apoptosis that brings together experimental observations of different nature is suggested and discussed.
This article was published in Int J Radiat Biol
and referenced in Journal of Computer Science & Systems Biology