Author(s): Sinclair SA, Smith GA, Xiang H
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Abstract PURPOSE: An estimated 60\% of Americans wear prescription eyeglasses. Despite the fact that eyeglasses pose a threat for injury, there is little research presenting national statistics of eyeglasses-related injuries. METHODS: The National Electronic Injury Surveillance System was used to analyze eyeglasses-related injuries treated in U.S. emergency departments (EDs) in 2002-2003. Eyeglasses-related injury cases were identified by the consumer product codes for eyeglasses and sunglasses and each case's narrative description was reviewed to identify the mechanism of injury. Cases (n = 642) were weighted to produce national estimates of eyeglasses-related injuries. Mechanism of injury, body region injured, injury diagnosis, and outcome of ED visit were analyzed by gender and age. RESULTS: An estimated 27,152 (95\% confidence interval [CI]: 21,627-32,677) eyeglasses-related injuries were treated in U.S. EDs in 2002-2003. Overall, males and females were equally likely to sustain eyeglasses-related injuries (53.5\% vs. 46.5\%), but this distribution varied by age group. A significantly higher percentage of eyeglasses-related injuries due to falls occurred among persons aged 65 years or more (89.5\%, 95\% CI: 83.5-93.5), whereas sports-related injuries were more common among persons aged 0-17 years (36.6\%, 95\% CI: 26.1-48.6). Eyeball injuries were significantly more prominent among persons aged 18-64 years. Overall, 3.8\% (95\% CI: 2.3-6.3) of eyeglasses-related injuries resulted in hospital admission. CONCLUSIONS: Eyeglasses-related injuries in the U.S. demonstrate age- and gender-specific characteristics. Safer eyeglasses design and the use of protective eyewear during sports activities and other activities with a high risk of ocular trauma will help prevent future eyeglasses-related injuries.
This article was published in Ophthalmic Epidemiol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology